Thursday, April 19, 2018

Food Hall Site Selection

Nur Asri is an Associate at Larisa Ortiz Associates

Earlier this month, Cushman & Wakefield released a report titled, “Food Halls of North America”. Since their first report on the trend in November 2016, food halls have grown exponentially all over the country, and especially in New York (see #5 of our 2018 trends list).

The report lists twenty five different food halls in New York City (we’ve left out Essex Street Market because it’s an institution we’re more familiar with as a public market, more on this in a previous blog) but guess where they’re mostly located? That’s right, Manhattan. 

80% of the city’s food halls are located in Manhattan.

Source: LOA
Drawing a 5-minute walking radius around each of the food halls, I took a closer look at the demographics and worker populations surrounding these food halls to figure out why Manhattan is continuing to draw this attraction.

Source: LOA

When compared with food halls located in Brooklyn and the Bronx, those in Manhattan were situated in neighborhoods with higher population density, higher median household incomes, higher educational attainments, and higher proportions of Millennials aged 25-40. These are unsurprising facts for anyone who lives in the city but if you’re elsewhere looking to attract a food hall operator; these are just some of the criteria your downtown or neighborhood may need to offer.

The psychographic tapestry segments that dominated the food hall neighborhoods in both Manhattan and Brooklyn were Laptops and Lattes’, ‘Trendsetters’, andMetro Renters’ . These groups, as you can imagine, are all made up of high-earning, well-educated young professionals who are socially and environmentally conscious, technologically savvy, and enjoy discovering local art and culture and dining out.

Given that food halls are highly-curated cultural hubs for new and old restaurateurs to test food concepts and set trends, having an educated audience that seeks this type of experience and is hyper aware of the nutritional value of their food would be highly beneficial and complementary to the mission of food halls. These are the same customers that will likely come in to a food hall and Instagram their meal and night out, driving greater marketing and sales.   

Speaking of dining out – I also found that residents living near food halls in Manhattan spend more eating out annually than those in the outer boroughs. The exception lies in DUMBO, Brooklyn where the upcoming Time Out Market is slated to open later this year. Within a 5-minute walk of the soon-to-be-opened food hall, households are spending an average of $6,091 annually on eating out. This is even higher than those residents living near Canal Street Market, American Market by Todd English, and Gotham West Market!

The high density of worker populations is another trait food halls seem to prefer. All the food halls located in Manhattan have between 20,000 to over 100,000 daytime workers within a five minute walking radius. In comparison, the food hall with the greatest day time worker density in an outer borough is Gotham West Market at the Ashland (Brooklyn) with only 16,353 workers within a five minute walk.

Photo: Lou Stejskal  (Flickr)
Meanwhile, in Manhattan, the top three food halls with highest worker population densities are all located in and around Grand Central Station (Urbanspace at 570 Lexington, Urbanspace Vanderbilt, and Great Northern Hall), where there is a strong cluster of banks and financial services offices and over 100,000 daytime workers. Furthermore, most of these workers earn more than $3,333 per month, indicating strong spending potential particularly during lunchtime and after work.

Even within New York City, there are nuances with where food halls are growing. Food halls in the west side of Manhattan– from Chelsea up to Midtown West – appear to be riding on the wave of high population growth rates. Populations around Gotham West Market and Hudson Yards Food Hall, for example, are expected to grow between 14-15% in the next five years (some of the highest rates in the city!). And the same can be said of the growth in food halls in the outer boroughs. Aside from Industry City, all the food halls in the Bronx and Brooklyn are located in neighborhoods with rates of population growth higher than their respective County levels.

So it appears that even if your downtown doesn’t quite have the traits that we’ve seen with the food halls in Manhattan (i.e. high population densities, high worker densities, etc.) but is undergoing a renaissance and seeing an impressive development pipeline of residential homes and offices, then maybe attracting a food hall operator is not completely out of order.

Like attracting all other tenants, however, it is crucial to first consider the types of residents and workers that will be entering these new developments, what their spending patterns are like, and if these align with the traits that food halls are craving.

Are their disposable incomes high?
Are they trend-seeking consumers?
Are they younger, digitally-apt customers that will continue to support and market the food hall?

After all, as we’ve seen, the food hall is not for everyone. And it’s certainly not for every neighborhood.

Friday, April 13, 2018

Retaining "Mom-and-Pops" in the New Retail Reality

Dan McCombie is a research associate at Larisa Ortiz Associates

Lots of rumblings lately about the statement New York Mayor Bill de Blasio made on local radio WNYC, wherein he spoke about his receptiveness to a commercial vacancy tax to address rising vacancy rates in the city. The issue is decisive to say the least. Certainly we don’t need to go into detail about all the reasons why retail vacancies are problematic (apologies if you’re new to CDA). Nor should we fail to recognize that using public policy to regulate private property is nothing short of a perennial third-rail. What’s the right move?

My purpose in this blog post is not to wade into the vacancy tax debate. It's a complicated issue. Yes, vacancies are problematic and in many instances can create a chain reaction to eventual blight. But policy prescriptives, even with the best intentions, can also be clumsy tools. You want to save mom-n-pops so you tax the vacant space. But if the landlord decides to swallow the cost, or brings in a Verizon Store instead, what did you really solve for?

Photo: essygie

For me, the interesting part of this debate is in understanding how developers and property owners are exploring how to tenant retail spaces with local and regional independents instead of nationals. Why? Because these classes of tenants are typically less "credit-worthy" than your Bank of Americas, Verizons, and Dunkin Donuts, and therefore carry more risk for investors and owners. But they also  have the capacity to bring much more in the way of unique character to a commercial district. So what can be done to mitigate against the credit risk? I found the following example telling...

The Market Line – Lower East Side, MH

The following statement came from Essex Crossing marketing material and can also be found on the Market Line website:

“Anchored by the new Essex Street Market, The Market Line will extend three full blocks from Essex Street to Clinton Street. With over 100 vendors and 150,000 sf of gross floor area, The Market Line will be one of the largest markets in the world, reminiscent of iconic locales like Boqueria, Borough Market, the Grand Bazaar, and Pike Place Market. While there will be an unparalleled collection of prepared foods, this will not be a food hall, but a market. The Market Line will be a microcosm of the Lower East Side with an eclectic mix of local food purveyors, artists, gallerists, musicians, and designers…” (emphasis added)
The emphasis on the local independent tenant mix is worth noting. The other day I spoke with an individual with some knowledge regarding the tenanting strategy for the Market Line, and I posited the question: “How does one tenant a space with local and regional operators when many investors perceive them as carrying more risk?” The response was fairly simple:
  1. Provide smaller floor plates with shorter-term leases
  2. Partner with architects/designers to create and curate attractive turnkey spaces
  3. Seek out tenants with a proven record of success

Again, none of this feels surprising. But it helps to contextualize these tenanting strategies within larger trends. Retailers across the board are right-sizing into smaller spaces, which may be more costly on a PSF basis, but cheaper on the whole. And a whole new industry is sprouting up around the design, buildout, and brokering of flexible pop-up spaces. The Market Line seems to demonstrate how these play out at the ground level. Yes, having a short term lease may be untenable for many, but the property owner can certainly mitigate against this by providing more upfront support through tenant improvements so the merchant doesn't feel like their throwing their money away on the build out. To understand this further let me present two more cases...

Photo Credit: The Market Line

Williamsburg, BK

Consider the case of the impending L-Train subway shutdown and the Williamsburg neighborhood in Brooklyn. Fears are that without a direct link to Manhattan, merchant performance is going to take a hit during track work, and so many of them have left or attempted to negotiate lower rents. Rather than bring down rents to offset the hit, some landlords have opted instead to weather the storm until the work finishes, believing an empty storefront is preferable to signing a long-term lease with a myopic rent. As a result, the retail vacancy rate in the neighborhood was recently reported to be at 13%, which is definitely cause for concern. Are the property owners right to hold tight until business as usual returns? Next example...

The Shay – Washington, DC

A relatively new mixed-use retail development in the Shaw neighborhood of DC, “The Shay,” has also been struggling with retaining retailers. The primary reason for this is that the tenanting strategy from the outset was admittedly a risky one. Jay Klug, executive vice president of retail at JBG Smith (the developer), confirms that instead of focusing on restaurants and national chains (low-risk) they would seek smaller stylish brands looking to expand into the DC market. In order to entice these tenants, the developer negotiated percentage rent agreements. Steve Gaudio, VP at JBG is quoted as saying “There was a risk that their percent of sale would never be that high, so there were different flexibilities for both the landlord and the tenant to determine, if this didn’t work out, that they could walk away.” As might be expected, many tenants didn’t hit their marks and did walk away. But notably, many of those tenants were soft-goods brands like Kit and Ace and Steven Alan, and were subsequently replaced by businesses like “The Shop” hair salon and “Turning Natural” smoothies shop. This is not to imply that soft-goods and apparel/accessories can’t survive; the Shay also houses the first DC location of Warby Parker and the fourth Bonobos location in the region, both of which have been said to be performing at a high level. What it says to me is this development may want more high-end neighborhood-serving uses and less comparison goods. In any event, the mix needed to be tweaked a bit, especially for a new concept still establishing an identity.

Photo Credit: The Shay

The Takeaway

The Market Line tenanting strategy has flexibility built into both the lease and the space itself so that if a tenant isn’t working out, the arrangement can be modified expediently. The Shay, adopting a similar tenanting strategy, uses a different mechanism with percentage rent agreements. In Williamsburg, some owners are simply holding their breath. Are any of these success stories? Hard to say. The Market Line hasn’t opened yet, and The Shay is still struggling with vacancies. Both are big (150K SF and 120K SF, respectively) and have the benefit of a single entity curating the space, and lots of design muscle behind them to make the spaces attractive to tenants. And even Williamsburg is a bit of a snowflake; it's an iconic neighborhood so it may be able to hold on after all. For that reason, I caution against making too hard and fast a conclusion. But the one thing that seems to have unanimous consent these days is that retail has changed, and likely changed irrevocably. As a result, we need to be creative with how we tenant spaces and not be afraid to tweak not only the mix, but the way spaces are constructed and agreements are negotiated. And there’s no way to know what works when the space is empty. 

Thanks for reading!

Friday, April 6, 2018

HOW TO: Retail in Public Spaces

Nur is an Associate at Larisa Ortiz Associates.

In a previous post I talked about the benefits that parks and retail may stand to gain from being co-tenants. Today, we look at specific ways in which retail has been incorporated into our parks and open spaces. Depending on the size of your public space, you may decide to incorporate permanent retail spaces or temporary, seasonal ones that can easily be taken down to make room for more pedestrians and park users. Either way, these additional retail spaces can be great opportunities for local businesses and entrepreneurs to test new markets, if made convenient and affordable.

Case Study 1: Times Square Plaza
Vendor: Coffeed, a NYC-Based coffee chain
Space: 100SF, in the center of Manhattan's most trafficked area.
Leasing: The Times Square Alliance, the local non-profit BID, designates an area within Times Square for interested vendors who are then required to build their own structures. Electricity, rubbish removal services, as well as security are provided by Times Square Alliance.
Estimated Rent: $20,000/ month with a revenue share of 8% of sales. Times Square Alliance leased the space via Appear [here], an online listing platform that matches temporary, pop-up retail spaces with creative brands and entrepreneurs.
Added benefits to the vendor: Co-branding and promotional opportunities with the BID on its social media platforms and through other initiatives that the Alliance provides to the tourist, business and residential community.

Case Study 2: Astor Place
Photo: The Village Alliance

Vendors: La Newyorkina and Astor Plate, NYC- based businesses that both had existing storefronts in nearby neighborhoods like Greenwich Village and TriBeCa
Space: 110SF (La Newyorkina) and 200SF (Astor Plate)
Photo: The Village Alliance
Leasing: The plaza in which the kiosks currently sit is property of the NYC Department of Transportation (DOT). However, the local Business Improvement District (BID), the Village Alliance, has a contract with DOT to maintain the plaza. Kiosk vendors contract directly with the BID.
The procurement and bidding process of kiosk operators was a long process, according to William Lewis, Marketing and Events Director of the Village Alliance.  The BID wanted to ensure that they were tapping into existing local businesses and building kiosks that were respectful of the surrounding environment and community. Not only did the BID strive to keep local favorite, MUD coffee, being served at the kiosks, the BID also ensured the design of the kiosks were contextual. For example, the kiosk on the south end of the plaza is a metal structure that reflects the style and aesthetic of  the famous Alamo sculpture (the Cube) and the kiosk design of La Newyorkina on the northern end of the plaza features a hand-painted mural that reflects the local neighborhood.

Like in Times Square, selected operators built their own structures but worked closely with the Village Alliance to finalize designs.

Ensuring success: According to Will (Village Alliance), the kiosks are really popular and doing very well a year since their opening. Their success lends itself to creative menus, a variety of products, a strong daytime population, and of course strong connections to the local neighborhood.

The location of the public plaza by new office developments and the Cooper Union School ensures that the kiosks get strong foot traffic throughout the day. In addition, the BID arranges outdoor tables, chairs, and parasols (like in Times Square!) to support the congregation of large groups and encourage outdoor dining in the warmer months.

Case Study 3: Hunters Point South Park

Vendor: LIC Landing by NYC-Based COFFEED features a healthy selection of locally-sourced food offerings, craft beers, fine wines, and specialty coffees and teas. COFFEED is also a charity-minded café known for donating a percentage of its revenue to local charities.
Space: 1,500 SF, at Hunter’s Point South Park, Long Island City’s waterfront recreation destination.
Leasing: The concession spaces was designed and built during the initial development of the park. Bids were later put out for operators by the NYC Parks department.

Case Study 4: Union Square Park
Market: UrbanSpace has operated the Union Square Holiday Market for over two decades
Space: 30,000SF with about 100 vendors, of which 75% are NYC-based. Individual booth sizes range from half-booths (50SF) to double booths (200SF)
Leasing: The market is made possible via a five-year agreement with the Department of Parks and Recreation negotiated with the market’s operator and founder. The Parks Department opens a round of competitive bidding, issuing a detailed request for proposals and site visits for prospective bidders.
Selected market operators then hold open application calls for interested vendors online.
Estimated Rent: Vendor spaces average between $6,000-$18,000 per vendor, depending on location and size of booths. Each year, UrbanSpace has netted around $2.7 million in vendor fees and compensated the City over $1.5 million.

Case Study 5: Downtown Detroit Parks
Market: Winter in Detroit is sponsored by Bedrock and Quicken Loans Family of CompaniesDetroit Downtown Partnership collaborates with the nearby property owners to organize the seasonal markets.
Space: 130SF, pre-fabricated glass structures designed by Philadelphia-based Groundswell Design Group
Leasing: The market operators hold open application calls for interested vendors online. Vendors are selected based on unique and creative retail concepts, quality products and packaging, design of booths, and originality of brand
Estimated Rent: $1,000 for the season (inclusive of electrical, lighting, heating, and security) According to reports, the 38 selected businesses generated more than $2 million in sales between November and January.

Regardless of retail model and leasing structure, we must remember not to get carried away with commercializing parks and public plazas whose first objective is to provide spaces of relief from urban living and circulation opportunities. There is always the potential that highly-curated retail experiences with higher price points may indiscreetly exclude a segment of the population that has less disposable income and therefore is less likely to enjoy a costly park retail experience. 

Incorporating free experiences with the retail activities may alleviate such impacts. Last season, at the Union Square Holiday Market in NYC, for example, there were free goodies and interactive photo booths open-to-all. Candy and cups of hot chocolate were distributed for free to all visitors- thanks to sponsorship by Citibank. These goodies were handed out at the sponsor's booth, where free mobile device charging stations and warming stations and lounge seating were also offered - much needed respite from the cold of winter.

As the weather clears up in the coming weeks *fingers crossed*, keep your eyes peeled for the growing trend of retail concepts in your local park and let us know if you think it's a much-needed public space activation strategy!

Monday, April 2, 2018

The Real Impacts of Downtown Sporting Venues

Nur Asri is an Associate at Larisa Ortiz Associates.

The 2018 Major League Baseball season is upon us. Like every other major professional sport, the season reminds us of the vast impacts– both good and bad – that sport has on our cities and downtowns. Across the country, downtowns are becoming choice sites for sports arenas. In 2016, the Brookings Institution found that 45 stadiums and arenas for the four major professional sports — football, baseball, basketball, and hockey — were constructed/renovated in the United States from 2000 to 2014 with a large majority of these being built in urban centers.

This map shows a concentration of sports teams (and by extension, their stadiums) by city from 2012.

Communities around the country are often told by political leaders of the potential economic effects of building these stadia or arenas; however the reality is often a lot less rosy. Sure, these attractions are bringing in visitors downtown in large numbers like no other business might. Last year, the average attendance to any Major League Baseball game in the US was approximately 30,000. In 2016, the Yankee Stadium in the Bronx saw over 3.5 million spectators enter their doors.

As a result, local bars and restaurants might see hikes in foot traffic due to pre- and post- game crowds seeking replenishment. In Downtown Sacramento, pedestrian traffic in the immediate area of the NBA Kings stadium grew by 10%, according to the Downtown Sacramento Partnership. Many bars have even leveraged these pedestrian counts by hosting parties that coincide with game days and even hired special DJs or introduced sport-themed menu items to lure passing crowds. Unfortunately, the same impact is unlikely for retailers offering goods and services unrelated to entertainment, dining, or sports and wellness. So the jewelry store, hair salon or local book store aren’t naturally going to be the biggest fans of a stadium.

The No-Trickle Effect
In recent years, stadiums themselves have become increasingly mixed-use and entertainment-focused attractions. This means that the developments are inward-looking and offer amenities and attractions that responsive to what already exists in adjacent areas. In particular, the retail and food and beverage offerings found within stadiums are driving visitors with busier schedules to completely skip stopping by outside bars and restaurants before games and spending their dollars directly in these arenas.

In an anecdote from 2012, owner of the Yankee Tavern in the Bronx, Joe Bastone, stated that his business was not really making more money as a result of the new Yankee Stadium’s opening. He claimed that the stadium in fact killed local business because once inside, “visitors can choose from 444 souvenir shops, eateries and concession stands, nearly 50 percent more options than in the old stadium. From hot dogs to Cuban sandwiches and sushi, and from pennants to pinstriped jerseys, Yankees fans can find it all without setting foot outside the stadium.”
Photo: USA Today
Some stadiums have carefully curated concession stands to offer local fare and structured vendor deals with local restaurants. For example, the Barclays Center in the Prospect Heights neighborhood of Brooklyn, home to the Nets basketball team and Islanders hockey team, offers Brooklyn-based Williamsburg Pizza, Café Habana Cuban sandwiches, and of course Brooklyn Lager on tap. However, stadium and sports arena developments still have much more to do in terms of growing partnership with small businesses and downtown associations and to enhance cross-shopping opportunities outside the arenas to support adjacent economies.

Furthermore, having tens of thousands of bodies arrive all at once in a concentrated geography doesn’t always bode well for businesses and residents. The hordes of spectators entering and leaving the downtown can be noisy and disorganized, and will certainly impede the regular operations of a business. To mitigate the impacts of human and vehicular congestion on game days, downtown associations are taking a few precautionary measures:

Educating potential visitors on available parking options and street closures. Partner with local news outlets to publish day-of articles that include details on how to get to sporting venues by car or by public transit. This information helps visitors plan their trip ahead of time and reduces frustration on the day of the game.
Uber at Coors Fields, CO
Partnering with ride-share services to manage people and vehicle flow near the venue. Designated Uber pick-up and drop-off areas with clear signage and instructions should be made available to riders to reduce congestion near the stadium.

Detroit Tigers, for example, signed Uber as the official ride-sharing partner for Comerica Park in downtown Detroit. The partnership not only designates pick up areas but also offers first time riders promotional codes. The same deal was made with the Detroit Lions and Detroit Pistons.

Providing shuttle rides to and from transit stops or parking lots farther away. Nashville’s Bridgestone Arena partners with the Downtown Partnership to provide such a service during event days. Again, this helps reduce congestion near the arena and makes the experience downtown less stressful for visitors.
Photo: San Francisco Bicycle Coalition

Providing convenient, attended bike parking service. This strategy has in fact made driving to games the more inconvenient option for those in San Francisco. A regulation passed by the San Francisco Board of Supervisors in 1999 requires monitored bicycle parking if an event incurs a street closure and anticipates more than 2,000 participants. As a result, all San Francisco Giants games played at AT&T park now provide valet bike parking services to more than 200 spectators, thanks to an arrangement with local bike advocacy group, SF Bicycle Coalition.

So if you’re thinking of attracting a sports team to make its home downtown in a new arena to catalyze further investment in the area and attract visitors, think also about the potential impacts it will have on foot traffic diversion and vehicular congestion. Prepare small local businesses for game days and at the same time, make sure that the arena is responsive to and supportive of existing businesses in the area. 

Friday, March 30, 2018

Whole Foods + Daybreaker = Experiential Grocery

Dan McCombie is a Research Associate at Larisa Ortiz Associates

**The following blog post contains a brief discussion of the state of online grocery retail, and then turns to look at an experiential company (Daybreaker) that has partnered with a grocery chain (Whole Foods) in what is a unique example of experience-based retail. At root is an exploration about how we understand customers, what they want to see in today's brick-and-mortars, and how "experiential" can have a broad range of applications.**

Here we are now, almost a year out since Amazon officially announced its acquisition of Whole Foods Market, the chain known for its high-quality, natural, and organic grocery store model. This $13.7BN deal fueled speculation that the e-commerce giant was making a play for a larger share of the online grocery retail market, and could feasibly change the entire way we think about food access. Sure enough, we have seen some marked changes in the way Whole Foods functions, but has the trajectory of online grocery retail changed all that much?

Some insight can be gleaned from a recent article by Neil Stern, a contributing writer for Forbes, wherein he summarizes Forrester's "The State of Global Online Retail 2018" report. Here are some of the key findings from it:

  • The global online grocery market is predicted to double from $150BN in 2017 to $334BN by 2022
  • The online grocery market is still wide open "as retailers race to become the default provider"
  • Countries differ in their adoption of online grocery based on factors like geography and economic maturity
To this last bullet point, Stern further explains that geographically concentrated (denser) markets are further ahead in their embrace of online grocery, primarily because their distribution systems are advantaged through economies of scale. They don't need nearly as much infrastructure to serve the same amount of people, whether that's based on home delivery (e.g. Fresh Direct, Peapod) or a click and collect pickup model.

So does this mean that urban markets might start to see brick and mortar grocery lose ground faster than less-urbanized markets? Possibly. If that is the case, it feels like an important one. Grocery stores help support a host of smaller neighborhood services and stores. In short, they're both commercial catalysts and anchors. So any trend in the markets that impact their health is liable to have huge ripple effects. To be completely honest, I find it highly unlikely that Kroger and Publix (shout out to my friends down south) are going to disappear overnight. Nor do I think they'll all turn into Amazon fulfillment centers (or maybe they will). In any event, this got me to thinking about ways grocery stores can adapt. And if we've learned anything in recent years, for retail its either death in the middle, or death for being boring.

Which brings me to Daybreaker.

For those not familiar, Daybreaker is maybe best understood as a company that organizes and manages large, high energy, highly-attended early morning dance parts with a deep health and wellness focus (read: no drugs, no alcohol, only natural adrenaline). Though not the only company peddling the pre-work experiential dance rave model, they've definitely risen to the top with a presence in more than 20 cities worldwide, including San Diego, DC, Vancouver, Sydney, Mexico City, Berlin, Tel Aviv, Stockholm, etc. 

And I bring them up because on May 10th, 2017, they held one of their dance raves at the Whole Foods flagship location on Lamar Boulevard in Austin, TX (a month prior to the Amazon acquisition, for those who are wondering). The itinerary for the event consisted of a 6am-7am yoga class, followed immediately by a raucous dance party from 7am-9am. Music was provided by both a record-spinning (or is it laptop-clicking?) DJ and a "legendary husband-wife hop hop duo." It really doesn't get less boring/more experiential than that for a grocery store. Did I mention Whole Foods provided breakfast? This all brings me to my next point...


Daybreaker is perhaps the epitome of a company that is operated by and creates events for young Millennials. If you need further proof, one need only look at the event description (posted here). Give it a quick read and you'll notice the frequent use of emjois, the way "yoga session" becomes "yoga sesh" and "amazing" is spelled "uhmazing." If Gigi Hadid was a language, I think this would be it. 

To drive this home a little more, the following quote was culled from the Daybreaker website:
"DAYBREAKER IS CREATING AN ENTIRELY NEW GENRE OF EXPERIENCE. We are a global movement driven by incredible humans who turn crazy ideas - like sober early morning dance parties - into reality. What began as a social experiment and art project, Daybreaker is fueling a worldwide movement to increase mindfulness, camaraderie, wellness, self-expression, and mischief."  
Mindfulness. Camaraderie. Wellness. Self-expression. Mischief. These are the Daybreaker core values. And personally, I think these serve as a great shorthand way to describe the Millennial shopper (depending on how you slice the age brackets). Some might quibble with that statement for reading as reductive, especially the Daybreaker apparatus itself, but often times that's an inherent challenge to understanding any customer demographic. We always prefer to collect primary data when possible, whether through first-person testimonials, surveys, focus groups, etc, but comprehensive big picture analysis also requires we look at things like U.S. Census and Bureau of Labor Statistics data, secondary syndicated sources, and other aggregated information that necessarily obscures individual nuance.

To summarize, if you feel like you don't understand how Millennials shop, perhaps this is a good template. I don't have figures for direct economic impacts of the Daybreaker event, but without a doubt it created strong associations between an established retailer and an exciting experiential brand. Nor was this the first time Daybreaker had collaborated with a large retail brand, having also partnered with Saks, Nike, IBM, Samsung, Macy's, GE Electric, Clinique, etc.  It also raises an interesting paradox when you go back to Forrester report: dense urban centers where brick and mortars may be more imperiled by online retail is precisely where young Millennials concentrate, and thus where it makes more sense to explore experiential marketing opportunities.

Key takeaways:

  • The Amazon acquisition has not impacted brick and mortar grocery the way many anticipated
  • Regardless, online grocery is a growing share of the overall market
  • With that in mind, retailers still need to think about how to differentiate themselves and not be boring
  • That means understanding your customers and what gets them up in the morning (in this case kombucha and a dance party)
For those who were good enough to make it this far in the post, I definitely recommend revisiting a past post on this blog by Mike Berne of MJB Consulting, written in the days following the announcement of the Amazon acquisition of Whole Foods. One of Mike's main points is that Amazon's motivation for the deal was driven not so much as a way to "conquer the grocery space," but rather to gain valuable real estate in close proximity to their predominantly urban Amazon Prime customers.

Thanks for reading!

Instagram post from the Daybreaker Austin launch
Image: @dybrkr

Instagram post from an event at the National Building Museum, DC
Image: @dybrkr

Wednesday, March 28, 2018

Concerns about a Census Under-count are Not a New Phenomenon

Larisa Ortiz is Principal of Larisa Ortiz Associates

Yesterday the New York Times reported that "at least 12 states have signaled that they would sue to block the Trump Administration from adding a question about citizenship" for fear that such a question would result in a census under-count that would threaten federal funding for communities with large immigrant communities. 

Jackson Heights, Queens, NY is a destination for immigrants,
many from Central and South America. It is precisely these
communities where under-counts do the most damage. 
The concern regarding an under-count is an old and recurring one. In fact, today I received a Facebook notification of a post I wrote over eight years ago. At that time, it was Mayor Bloomberg who railed against the Census, claiming that the Census under-count amounted to roughly 2.6 percent of the City's population, mostly in communities of color. What I wrote at the time holds meaning today. 

"For commercial district managers, a census under-count, or findings that suggests a population decrease, means more hours logged overcoming the misconception that there is decreased discretionary demand in your neighborhood. It means more time spend finding other, more credible, sources that tell the true story, that your neighborhood is  teeming with people who have money to spend, but few places to spend it. A Census under-count means that retailers are more likely to forego urban opportunities, because when they pull market data, they may not like what they see at first glance. 

We already know that getting retailers to urban areas is a challenge, which is why Census accuracy is so critical. In 2004, the International Council of Shopping Centers (ICSC) completed a survey of retailers in partnership with Business for Social Responsibility. When asked why they didn't invest in urban areas, the second most cited obstacle to investment was an 'insufficient concentration of the retailer’s target customer'. Too bad a Census under-count only serves to reaffirm these misconceptions."

While the contours of the concern have changed, we remain somewhat accustomed to under-counts in immigrant communities. It only means that we have continue to find ways to augment the data to ensure that communities, investors and retailers have the information they need to make informed decisions. 

Monday, March 19, 2018

The Store-for-Hire Model

Source: Instagram (@thisisstory)

Nur Asri is an Associate at Larisa Ortiz Associates

As preferences shift and consumers continue to demand experiences in retail stores, the store-for-hire concept has become an incredibly popular strategy to keep brick-and-mortar stores exciting and refreshing. These stores change products and experiences constantly so that consumers are able to visit often without getting bored of the store and its offerings. But how do these pop-up-esque stores operate and how can you create one in your downtown? Let’s take a closer look at two of New York City’s most innovative stores- for- hire – Bulletin and Story.

With vacancy in downtown environments rising from the impact of e-commerce and rent speculation, get creative and put in-store spaces up for hire. Stores-for-hire can be a great way to regenerate interest in your downtown, especially among local entrepreneurs and makers who are still digitally-native and who can yet afford leasing an entire storefront all by themselves.

Monday, March 12, 2018

Millennials' Impact on Health and Wellness in Retail

Nur Asri is an Associate at Larisa Ortiz Associates

Health and wellness is no longer characterized by illness or disease, but to a more holistic state of being that considers the wellbeing of one’s mind, body, and emotions. According to Jack Ma, Chairman of China’s largest e-commerce company, Alibaba, “…today’s customers want to be healthy and happy, no matter who they are”.  As a result, they are showing an increasing preference for products, brands, and experiences that appear to promote their overall wellbeing.
Wellness has become one of the world’s largest and fastest-growing industriesAccording to Global Wellness Institute, the global wellness market is estimated to be worth $3.4 trillion, three times the size of the global pharmaceutical industry. The industries measured as part of the global wellness market included fitness and mind-body, healthy eating, nutrition and weight loss, preventative and personalized health, spa, beauty and anti-aging and alternative medicine – many of which we now find downtown and along our commercial corridors.

The wired and self-reliant Millennial is particularly dedicated to health and wellnessThe group’s disillusionment with the current state of health care costs has apparently pushed Millennials to behave differently when it comes to taking care of themselves. They are relying on personal networks and wider ranges of products, services, and providers to manage their health and wellness. Many are even tracking their levels of activity and calorie consumption on mobile apps.

Most importantly, they are increasingly willing to spend money and time on ‘preventative health care’ through exercising, eating right, and conscious living. This daily pursuit to wellness and the subsequent lifestyle changes have influenced trends in food and drink, fitness, and fashion, and as a result, the retail tenant mix that we are seeing in our commercial districts.

Here are some key retail categories that are growing with Millennials’ pursuit of health and wellness:

Apparel & Accessories
Millennials are paying more for athletic gear or what is now more commonly known as, athleisure wear. According to research firm Forrester, Millennials and Gen Zers account for 69% of all fitness wearable owners. In fact, these young consumers are wearing athletic outfits for activities other than working out and this trend has grown rapidly with various brand apparel retailers growing their active wear options.

Popular athleisure retailers that are growing in urban markets with higher shares of Millennial customers include Lululemon, Sweaty Betty, Alo and Outdoor Voices – each with its unique brand and community of followers.
Alo has built its brand specifically around yoga. Its product offerings are designed for yogis and its stores offer extensive yoga class schedules. Alo has opened three stores in urban neighborhoods in California, where the wellness and yoga movement is particularly strong.

Outdoor Voices, on the other hand, has built its brand as technical apparel for ‘recreation’ – which really is all-encompassing. Anyone participating in a recreational activity, whether it’s dog walking or yoga or a fun group sport, would easily identify with the brand and its products.  The store has opened locations across the country – from Colorado to Texas and New York.

Gyms have long been tenants in many of our downtowns and commercial districts, however, in recent years there has been a significant growth in boutique fitness concepts. According to the International Health, Racquet & Sportsclub Association, these types of spaces now account for 42% of the entire health club market and they range from yoga, spinning and boxing studios to grungy crossfit facilities. In particular, the 2016 IHRSA Health Club Consumer Report found that Millennials preferred specialized fitness classes like kickboxing, barre, crossfit, and yoga as opposed to Gen Xers. They love the personalized and community experience that these boutique fitness concepts provide and are willing to pay more than the monthly average of $33 for these classes.

Like the athleisure stores that have grown in numbers, boutique fitness concepts have built strong brands and communities of followers that subscribe to distinct sets of values.

Food and Beverage stores
As part of their shift toward holistic health and wellness, Millennials are also increasingly spending on healthy produce. According to the Organic Trade Association, 52% of organic consumers are Millennials. Furthermore, Millennials eat 52% more vegetables than their older counterparts and about 12% of this age group claimed they are totally vegetarian back in 2011. These shares may even be even larger today.

Grocers and convenient stores that offer organic and locally-sourced produce such as Whole Foods, Trader Joe’s are growing fast in urban markets and in even smaller formats. Whole Foods opened its first 365 small store concept on the east coast in downtown Brooklyn, where the psychographic group known as the ‘Laptops and Lattes’ has grown rapidly in recent years. This group is essentially made up of single, affluent and well-educated Millennials with a median age of 36.9.

Food and drinking places
Even when they’re eating out, Millennials continue to demand responsibly-sourced, health-conscious food and drink options. Research shows that Millennials look for food options that are wholesome and healthy. Organic, freshly-made, and authentic foods are all important labels to Millennials. This has led to a strong growth in quick-service juice and salad bars across many metropolitan cities. Sweetgreen, a fast-casual salad bar that prides its offerings on being locally sourced and customizable, started in DC in 2008 has since grown to 85 locations across 8 states. Again, its locations are mostly in urban neighborhoods with strong Millennial representation.

Beauty and Personal Care Services
The final retail tenant type that has grown in many urban markets as a result of the Millennial shift toward holistic health and wellness is beauty and personal care services. This includes everything from spas and salons to meditation clinics.  From 2007 to 2013, the spa industry grew 58% with a 47% increase in spa locations from 71,762 to 105,591.

The truth is Millennials want the experience of being ‘transformed’. Even department stores like Saks Fifth Avenue are addressing that desire by introducing wellness service centers in their stores such as the Wellery in New York. These wellness centers offer spas and detox treatments, and even meditation clinics that help those who are constantly wired from busy lifestyles to unplug.

Wednesday, March 7, 2018

Three Trends in Parking Management

Dan McCombie is a Research Associate at Larisa Ortiz Associates

I’ve noticed a couple of trends of late in regards to parking and how downtowns are trying to effectively manage the demand for it. It feels important to understand these trends because they all have implications for how customers access downtowns, as well as the toolbox of strategies and tactics we have as district managers. In any event, I would be curious to know if what I’ve observed tracks with what others have also seen. Here goes…

1.       Parking decks (as we know them) are experiencing incremental extinction

There was a Crain’s NY article recently talking about the challenges being faced by Manhattan parking garages. Operators say they’ve felt a lost demand over the past 18 months, citing a 10% drop in the number of “transient units” (cars that park by the day or hour). They attribute this trend to growing patronage of car-share (Car2Go) and ride-share (Lyft and Uber), but made all the worse by rising labor costs and recent rumblings by politicos about possible congestion pricing in Manhattan. Yet this is not unique to New York. Waning demand for structured parking is also being felt in cities like Chicago, Philadelphia, and Boston where competition from alternative transit choices and concerns over congestion are just as prevalent.

Uber has been unapologetic, responding that it’s all for the better those garages disappear if that creates more space for affordable housing and public parks. Sounds rosy, and there is some sense to it since affordable housing--typically exempt from parking minimum--presents a real option for infill development. But we’re also seeing cities like Philadelphia incrementally knock down their garages and replace them with luxury housing. In other cases, owners are getting creative and turning their underutilized parking structures into trendy food hall retrofits.

To be clear, parking structures are still being built, but increasingly with an eye towards a ten to fifteen year horizon where the use of that deck will likely be fundamentally different based on declines in car ownership and increases in autonomous vehicle use. That means designing for easier retrofitting to retail or other non-residential uses, usually by adding a few feet to ceiling heights. Or it means curbing costs and capitalizing on economies of scale by going fully automated with garages that don’t require human labor and can store more cars in a smaller footprint.

Regardless, in more and more places we’re seeing garages adapt based on the anticipation (or realization) of reduced demand.

Automated garage designed by BRN Architects in Izmir, Turkey
Photo: Inhabitat

2.       On-street parking is off-brand

The literature is rich in urbanist corners about the benefits of turning traffic lanes and on-street parking into bike lanes and larger sidewalks. A really good example of this is the NYC DOT’s report, The Economic Benefits of Sustainable Streets, commissioned during Janette Sadik-Khan’s time at the helm of the agency. The report is notable because it seeks to draw the connection between complete streets and economic development, and does so employing an objective methodological approach where local business sales were monitored before and after street renovations. Their change in sales was controlled against sales figures for other comparable commercial corridors within the same neighborhood. After conducting this research, the study conclusively found that complete streets provided benefits to businesses in all types of neighborhoods, “from the central business district to modest retail strips in residential areas.”

I bring this up because more and more people are recognizing the spending power of pedestrians while the notion of creating more space for cars feels counterintuitive and antiquated. So while we see reports and case studies that supports removing on-street parking to bring in a protected bike lane, the literature becomes much more scant on whether or not it makes sense to turn a traffic lane into on-street parking. I draw attention to this because complete streets means supporting as many competing uses as possible, but many streets simply don't have the capacity to do that. If you must choose, what is the argument for parking instead of bike lanes (if there is one)? Yes--I’m familiar with the oft-quoted fact that every on-street parking space is responsible for some $200-$300K in revenue for nearby businesses. I’ve seen this number quoted ad nauseam and out of its original context. That is not to say it’s wrong, but it glosses over many of the variables that are responsible for generating that value.

On-street parking can play a valuable role for commercial districts that goes well beyond providing direct storefront access for shoppers. Good flexible on-street parking can also provide commercial loading areas for vendors or serve as designated pick-up and drop-off points for ride-share services in an effort to ease congestion. It can also have a “teaser” effect in that it suggests to shoppers there is easy and available parking (thereby inducing more shopping trips), but actually increase the utilization of garages and decks as a substitute when curbside spots are at capacity. And at the end of the day, it also can calm traffic and reduce crossing distances which also serves the pedestrian environment. In short, flexible curbside parking has its benefits which may or may not make sense depending on the district.

Ninth Avenue street improvement project
Image: Economic Benefits of Sustainable Streets; NYC DOT

3.       “Smart Parking” is smarter thank you might think

A common refrain in many districts is that there is simply not enough parking to suit retail. And this assertion comes from all corners; not just customers but also property owners and merchants. But with the growth in alternative transit choices and with Millennials owning fewer cars, more often than not we’ve found it’s an issue with parking management and not supply. How do we address situations where one lot is at capacity while other lots are underutilized? There are several solutions, but I'm increasingly drawn to the growing number of apps that seek to address the parking management question. Here are a few examples:

·         ParkMobile – Perhaps one of the more ubiquitous options in the market right now, it provides seamless parking payments through an app, with the advantage of allowing the user to feed the meter remotely when their time runs out. The company also provides a website as a way to make reservations with parking garages and ensure a spot is waiting for you when you arrive at your destination.

·         ParkWhiz – Similarly allows users to reserve and pay for spaces seamlessly and allows parking operators to adjust prices and offer deals based on real-time demand data.

·         ParkBee – This UK/Netherlands based company created a partnership with ParkMobile that allows owners of private lots to advertise their spaces to the public (think Airbnb for parking).

The value proposition for many of these apps is not just based on convenience, but also an ability to offer competitive pricing. And they’re being embraced through ever more channels with some car manufacturers incorporating them into the on-board computers (e.g. BMW 2018 models use ParkMobile) and navigation services like WAZE thinking about how they can complement their existing platform.

And apps are only half of the picture. A growing number of parking data collection companies like Streetline and parking management platforms like NuPark are working in coordination with these apps to make getting from point A to point B as seamless and efficient as possible through tech that allows remote gate activation and license plate recognition.

One of several parking management services offered by NuPark

What do these trends mean for district managers?

Does your district still need a large supply of parking decks? Should it substitute curbside parking for a protected bike lane? If there is a strain on parking, is it based on management or supply? Different districts have different needs and there is no one size fits all strategy here.

As Kimley Horn stated in a report for their White Paper Series, parking guidelines developed by the Institute for Transportation Engineers and Urban Land Institute are “routinely applied in areas they should not be”, meaning that standards for standalone shopping centers are being used for downtown Main Streets. For that reason, any parking intervention should really be predicated on an accurate picture of existing conditions and we have a growing number of tools at our disposal to do that and to bring that picture into sharper relief. 

As mentioned, I’m wildly curious to know if others agree with these trends or have observed others that are as impactful.

Source Cited:
Parking Generation – Replacing Flawed Standards with the Custom Realities of Park+; Kimley Horn; May 2016